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Cash & Non-Cash Items

CASH and Non-Cash Items
(dagdag po ito sa mga nabanggit na)

* Para madali nyo matutunan ito, kung makaka-encounter ka ng hindi mo talaga alam na item, itanong mo lang sa sarili mo: “readily available ba ito pag kinailangan kong gastusin?” Yun ang lagi mong itatanong sa sarili mo para maconsider mo sya as cash.

CASH ITEMS:

Cash – salapi. Cold cold cash…

Change Fund – barya-baryang panukli
Petty Cash Fund – gamit sa maliliit na gastusin. Kaya nga “petty”.

Current Account – bank account used by the company for collections/disbursements. Parang savings account
Payroll Account – used by the company to pay employee’s compensation (nakakahilo magreconcile nito pag malaking kumpanya ang hawak mo, hahaha)

Traveler’s Check – checked released by the bank that can be used at any country. Minsan, ang mga “travelers” o manlalakbay, diba hindi naman agad sila nagkakaroon ng local currency ng bansang pinupuntahan nila unless pumunta agad sila sa bank at magpapalit. Eh papano kung nagutom sila? Di naman nila pwedeng ipambayad ang US Dollars sa China. So, para may panggastos sila for the mean time na wala pa silang cash, maari nilang gamitin yung traveler’s check as a legal tender. Kaya pang-“traveler” talaga sya.

Crossed Check – ito yung may dalawang diagonal parallel line na naka linya sa upper-left hand corner ng check. Cash naman ito. Iyon nga lang, hindi sya pedeng ipapalit sa cash, pede lang sya ideposito sa bank. Eh papanong naconsider na cash to kung hindi pede ipapalit agad na cash? Eh pede mo namang ideposito ito tapos iwithdraw mo diba? Kaya cash to.

Replenishment Check – syempre cash to.

Treasury bills:
Current – if maturity from DATE of PURCHASE is within 3 months (cash equivalents)

TIME DEPOSIT/Money Market Instruments
Current – If 3 months or less (cash equivalent)

Cashier’s Check – considered as cash ito kasi guaranteed ito ng bank, and due and demandable.

Manager’s Check – pareho lang to ng Casheir’s Check.

*eh what makes the cashier’s check and manager’s check so special compared to a regular check? Well, ang CC or MC ay “guaranteed” ng bank. Unlike ng regular check, ang regular check (customer’s check) ay maaring tumalbog.

Unrealeased Checks – ito yung mga dapat ipangbabayad sa mga creditor pero hindi pa na-rerelease so hawak mo pa yung cheke. Kung hawak mo pa yung cheke, e di cash mo pa yun. Sa Law, may mga rules and regulations regarding payment/endorsement of check. Isa sa mga proof na bayad na ang debtor ay pag nasa creditor na ang check.

Deposits in Foreign Banks – dapat unrestricted sya para considered as cash. It should be measured at its spot rate or the exchange rate at the balance sheet date.

Cash Appropriated for short term purposes – kahit na appropriated na sya, pero kung ang purpose ay for short term lang naman, classified as cash parin sya. Tandaan nyo lang sa appropriation ang “like father like son” principle. Kung para saan ang purpose ng appropriation (whether short or long term) ay siya rin ang appropriation.

Compensating Balance – ito yung minimum amount na dapat mo ideposito sa bank. Pag bumaba ka sa compensating balance, magkakaroon ka ng bank charges (parang yung nangyari sa pera ko dati nung bata ako kaya naubos  heheh) as long as NOT RESTRICTED, cash parin sya.

NON CASH items

Postage stamps – hindi ito pedeng ipambayad kay aling nena pambili ng kendi. Hindi sya cash. Prepaid expense.

Treasury bills:
Non- Current – if maturity from DATE of PURCHASE is more than 3 months (temporary investment)

TIME DEPOSIT/Money Market Instruments
Non-current – if more than 3 months (temporary investments)

Post-dated check – since “post”-dated sya, ibig sabihin, dated sya on a future date. Ang cheke, non-negotiable o hindi mo pedeng ipapalit sa banko when the date written on the face of the check ay hindi pa ngayon (or future dated). Ibalik sa Accounts Payable(payor) or Accounts Receivable(payee) kung nag-entry na.

NSF Check – tumalbog na cheke.

Restricted Deposits in Foreign Banks – tunog palang, hindi na cash. Restricted kasi sya, hindi readily available.

Cash Appropriated for LONG term purposes – ulit, “like father, like son”. Kung para saan ang purpose, sya rin ang classification.

Sinking fund (or sometimes Bond Sinking Fund) – is comprised of cash and investment securities that have been accumulated for the stated purpose of repaying a specific loan (Intermediate Accounting, Stice , Stice & Skousen). So, in short, appropriated sya for long term purposes.

Stock Certificates – baka may makulit na prof na magsali nito eh. Hindi to cash at HINDI rin ito negotiable instrument. Ito lang ay ang proof na may hawak kang stocks. Kasi ang “stocks” hindi yan barya barya o ginto ginto na ipinamimigay pag bumili ka sa isang korporasyon. Ang stocks ay intangible (o, hindi intangible asset ah ginamit ko lang yung word na “intangible” as a description, wag malito) kasi hindi ito nakikita o nahahawakan. So para may proof ka na may hawak ka ng stocks, binibigyan ka ng issuing corporation ng Stock Certificate at dun naka-state kung ilang stocks ang hawak mo at kung magkakano.

Stale Check – ito yung checks na hindi napapalitan ng payee (o binayaran) for a long time (usually ang silent rule ay 6 months, unless otherwise specified). Hindi ito cash kasi usually ang gagawin ng kumpanyang nag-issue nito ay mag-iissue ng “stop payment order” sa bank. So, babalik sa cash yan ng issuing company. Hindi na ito cash on the part of the payee. Magiging receivable ulit yung amount na yun kasi nga na-stale, “napanis” yung cheke.

As far as I can remember, ito yung mga weird terms sa cash na
maaring makapagpalito sa mga estudyante.

Follow-up Problem

Author: luvrgurl

Grain comp. ledger showed a balnce of P2,205,600 in its “cash” account on dec. 31,2009 . included in this balance are the ff. items:
DAIF checks returned by bank P20,000
Saving account P750000
IOUs P1,200
postage stamps 600
bank draft 10,000
cash on hand 30,000
cash in sinking fund 500,000
customers’check dated jan.2010 5,400
travel advances 4,000
travel’s check 8,000

determine the total amt. that should be in cash balance at dec.31,2009

 

source: Intermediate Accounting Vol 1 2010 Robles Empleo
P. 69 Problem 2-3

Hello, eto ulit ako. To answer the problem posted below:

Sabi, “included in this cash balance”. So ibig sabihin the enumerated amounts are incorporated dun sa P2,205,600. So, dapat alam natin kung ano ang cash at kung ano ang hindi. Isa isahin natin:

DAIF CHECKS: deduct the 20,000 from the balance. Bakit? Kasi tumalbog yung check ng customer, therefore balik sya sa receivables dahil wala naman tayo nakolekta.

Savings Account: do nothing. It’s cash and it’s already included in the cash balance.

IOU’s: deduct the P1,200. Bakit? kasi pautang natin to sa mga tao kaya nga “I owe you”, meaning to say, somebody owes us money, therefore must be classified as AR and not Cash.

Postage Stamp: deduct the 600. Bakit? Dahil, uulitin ko, hindi ka makakabili ng kendi sa tindahan ni aling Nena na bayad mo ay Stamp, baka batuhin ka pa ng bote ng suka, hahaha. Prepaid Expense ang Stamps, hindi cash.

Bank Draft: do nothing. Ano ba ang bank draft? Cash equivalent yan. Para yang cashier’s check. Pay to cash. Kunyari, bibili ka ng worth $2,000,000 na inventory. Magdadala ka ba ng cash worth 2M? or credit card? Syempre hindi. You may pay either through a check or a bank draft. So good as cash to.

Cash on hand: obvious, do nothing.

Cash in Sinking Fund: deduct the 500,000. Bakit? Though it’s cash, but it’s restricted for long term purposes. Following the principle of “Res Perit Domino”, meaning “thing follows it’s master”, it’s also considered as a Long Term Asset

Customers’ Check dated Jan. 2010: Syempre, deduct the 5,400. Bakit? Kasi post dated ang check. Hindi pa sya readily convertible into cash. Therefore, still considered as an AR.

Travel Advances: deduct the 4.000. Syempre, hindi naman to cash kasi nga “advances” meaning binigay mo yung pera for travel purposes at ibabalik sayo, thus, it’s an AR.

Traveler’s Check (not travel’s check): syempre included as cash to. Usually eto yung cheke na ginagamit ng mga nangingibang bansa para maiwasan ang hassle ng pagpapapalit ng foreign currency.

Therefore:

2,205,600 unadjusted ending cash balance

(20,000) DAIF

(1,200)    IOU

(600)     Postages

(500,000) Sinking Fund

(5,400) Postdated Checks

(4,000) Travel Advances

__________

1,674,400  is the correct Cash Balance

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Categories: Cash & Non-Cash Items
  1. luvrgurl
    November 17, 2010 at 5:05 am

    Grain comp. ledger showed a balnce of P2,205,600 in its “cash” account on dec. 31,2009 . included in this balance are the ff. items:
    DAIF checks returned by bank P20,000
    Saving account P750000
    IOUs P1,200
    postage stamps 600
    bank draft 10,000
    cash on hand 30,000
    cash in sinking fund 500,000
    customers’check dated jan.2010 5,400
    travel advances 4,000
    travel’s check 8,000

    determine the total amt. that should be in cash balance at dec.31,2009

  2. redblack
    November 21, 2010 at 8:59 pm

    Intermediate Accounting Vol 1 2010 Robles Empleo
    P. 69 Problem 2-3 not luvrgurl

    Great site, pero pangit plagarism.

    • November 21, 2010 at 11:11 pm

      I understand where you’re coming from but just so you know, I have no intention to plagiarize materials (especially those composed by my former professor in UST, Mrs. Empleo).

      If you would notice, I either compose my own problems or I use problems from the books and quote the title, author, and the edition. It just so happened that the one who submitted the question didn’t quote the source and I have no means of contacting the person to ask.

      Thanks for the note, and again, no I have no intention to plagiarize.

      Good luck on 2013.

    • luvrgurl
      November 26, 2010 at 8:41 am

      sorry po kung hindi ako nakapglagay ng source.. pero nxt time ggawin ko na po .
      sorry po tlgA

  3. ayan
    December 13, 2010 at 5:14 pm

    nakakatulong tlga c idol””

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